College Physics

Chapter # Chapter Title
PowerPoint Image Slideshow

Twin Brothers. Are they different races?

The groups (e.g. social class, family, football team etc.) which people belong to are an important source of pride and self-esteem. Groups give us a sense of social identity: a sense of belonging to the social world.
In order to increase our self-image we enhance the status of the group to which we belong. For example, England is the best country in the world!  We can also increase our self-image by discriminating and holding prejudice views against the out group (the group we don’t belong to). For example, the Americans, French etc. are a bunch of losers!

Therefore, we divided the world into “them” and “us” based through a process of social categorization (i.e. we put people into social groups). This is known as in-group (us) and out-group (them).  

Social identity theory states that the in-group will discriminate against the out-group to enhance their self-image.

The central hypothesis of social identity theory is that group members of an in-group will seek to find negative aspects of an out-group, thus enhancing their self-image.

Prejudiced views between cultures may result in racism; in its extreme forms, racism may result in genocide, such as occurred in Germany with the Jews, in Rwanda between the Hutus and Tutsis and, more recently, in the former Yugoslavia between the Bosnians and Serbs.

Henri Tajfel proposed that stereotyping (i.e. putting people into groups and categories) is based on a normal cognitive process: the tendency to group things together. In doing so we tend to exaggerate:

1. the differences between groups

2. the similarities of things in the same group.

We categorize people in the same way. We see the group to which we belong (the in-group) as being different from the others (the out-group), and members of the same group as being more similar than they are. Social categorization is one explanation for prejudice attitudes (i.e. “them” and “us” mentality) which leads to in-groups and out-groups.

Examples of In-groups – Out-groups

o Northern Ireland: Catholics – Protestants

o Rwanda: Hutus and Tutsis

o Yugoslavia: the Bosnians and Serbs

o Germany: Jews and the Nazis

o Politics: Labor and the Conservatives

o Football: Liverpool and Man Utd

o Gender: Males and Females

o Social Class: Middle and Working Classes

Social Identity Theory Outline

Tajfel and Turner (1979) proposed that there are three mental processes involved in evaluating others as “us” or “them” (i.e. “in-group” and “out-group”. These take place in a particular order. The first is categorization. We categorize objects in order to understand them and identify them. In a very similar way we categorize people (including ourselves) in order to understand the social environment.  We use social categories like black, white, Australian, Christian, Muslim, student, and b

Recap Questions Assignments Rubric 10/15 points Total

0-3 -5




Content and development

Does not respond to any of the questions; shows no participation

Very little framework to the response; support is lacking or is inaccurate. Unclear if writer understands their purpose or the assignment.

There is an appropriate framework to the paper that is consistently supported. Content is minimally inconsistent with regard to purpose.

Major points are clearly stated and supported by well-thought out arguments. Content and purpose are clear.

Grammar, punctuation, spelling

Utilizes poor spelling and grammar in most posts; posts appear “hasty”

Errors in spelling and grammar evidenced throughout the response making it difficult to follow train of thought.

Few grammatical or spelling errors are noted in response, but not enough to impede on understanding of responses.

Consistently uses grammatically correct responses with rare misspellings and confusion.

Structure of Response

There is very little to no structure to the response. Sentences are often unclear

Structure of the paper is not easy to follow. Paragraphs may be somewhat disjointed. Sentences are occasionally unclear.

Structure of the paper is generally easy to follow. Paragraph transitions may need some improvement. Sentences are generally clear.

Structure of paper is easy to follow; paragraphs are well-developed and transitions are clear. Sentences are clear and writing is at an advanced level.

Integration of Thought and reasoning

Paper presents little to no creativity, thought, or attention to detail.

Paper presents standard information with a minimal level of creativity, thought and attention to detail.

Paper shows a moderate level of creativity, thought and attention to detail.

Paper shows a high level of creativity, thought and attention to detail.


Includes few of the required components, as specified in the assignment, and does not meet the length requirements.

Includes some of the required components, as specified in the assignment.

Includes most of the required components, as specified in the assignment. Some components may be slighted or done in haste.

Includes all of the required components, as specified in the assignment, and meets the length requirements.

Why Choose Us

  • 100% non-plagiarized Papers
  • 24/7 /365 Service Available
  • Affordable Prices
  • Any Paper, Urgency, and Subject
  • Will complete your papers in 6 hours
  • On-time Delivery
  • Money-back and Privacy guarantees
  • Unlimited Amendments upon request
  • Satisfaction guarantee

How it Works

  • Click on the “Place Order” tab at the top menu or “Order Now” icon at the bottom and a new page will appear with an order form to be filled.
  • Fill in your paper’s requirements in the "PAPER DETAILS" section.
  • Fill in your paper’s academic level, deadline, and the required number of pages from the drop-down menus.
  • Click “CREATE ACCOUNT & SIGN IN” to enter your registration details and get an account with us for record-keeping and then, click on “PROCEED TO CHECKOUT” at the bottom of the page.
  • From there, the payment sections will show, follow the guided payment process and your order will be available for our writing team to work on it.